Descriptions and articles about the Crow Killer, scientifically known as Anamirta cocculus in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehensive Desc. Woody climbers. Leaves alternate, x cm, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole cm long. Flowers unisexual. Common name: Fish Berry, Indian berry, Levant nut • Hindi: काकमारी Kakamari • Kannada: chiplothi, chippula kaayi, chipula koll.

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India Biodiversity Portal

Retrieved Ccculus 9, The seed, when taken internally, is a powerful poison for all vertebrates affecting the central nervous system, stimulating the motor and inhibitory centres in the medulla, especially the respiratory and vagus centres, acting on the heart and respiration. In the past the fruit was sometimes used fraudulently in the United Kingdom to flavour beers with its bitterness.

Periyar Tiger Reserve Describes biorhythms – those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. User specific search options User. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Its fruit is the source of picrotoxina poisonous compound with stimulant properties.

Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public.


Due to their extremely narrow safety limits and variable outcome, however, they will never be used in general medical practice.

Anamirta cocculus

It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. On the GABA receptor site, barbiturates ansmirta close to the chloride channel and, at least in part, increase chloride-ion conductance mimicking GABA activation.

Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Gymnema khandalense Santapau Apocynaceae – Asclepiadoideaean endemic and critically endangered Views Read View source View anamirtta.

Picrotoxin is also isolated from Tinomiscium petiolare Hook. Flowers unisexual, many, in large drooping panicles on old branches; sepals 6 in 2 rows, 3 x 2 mm, ovate, yellow; petals absent; stamens 9, combined into a globose staminal column, anthers sessile; staminodes 9 in female flowers, obovate, scaly; carpels 3, free; abamirta absent; stigma recurved.

On the other hand, in medicinal research, picrotoxinin is generally used as an experimental substance in the laboratory, and in laboratory animals. Very common along the stream banks and ravines from plains to m. Although poisonous, hard multum is a preparation made from Cocculus Indicusetc. Related observations Show all.

Views Read Edit View history. The stem also contains oxypalmine and stepharine. Thiruvananthapuram District harbours more than 1, medicinal plants of which plants are hosts The fruit and especially the seed contain picrotoxin, a very strong poison.


Anamirta cocculus – Useful Tropical Plants

Anamlrta tips Leaves shiny with tuft of hairs on the nerve axils. D,Biodiversity Documentation for Kerala Part 6: In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The “small, yellowish-white, sweet-scented” flowers vary between 6 and 10 milliimeters across; the fruit produced is a drupe”about 1 cm in diameter when dry”. In addition, the stem and roots contain only small amounts about 0.

The dried fruits constitute the drug known as “cocculus” or “cocculus indicus”. M, Menispermum cocculus L. For its use as a fish poison the same procedure can be followed or the fruits may be employed fresh.

Kolhapur, Nasik, Sindhudurg Karnataka: Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. It stimulates the central nervous system, particularly the medulla oblongata and respiratory centre. Of the latter 2, only picrotoxinin is pharmacologically active.

Anamirta cocculus – Wikipedia

Technology Biodiversity in India. Inflorescence a panicle, cauliflorous, spreading or pendulous, cm long with lateral branches cm long, glabrous, anamiirta about 0. Furthermore, the fruits contain the isoquinoline alkaloids menispermine, paramenispermine, magnoflorine, stephorine, berberine, palmatine and l,8-oxotetrahydropalmatine.