When you georeference your raster dataset, you define its location using dataset that you want to align with your projected data in ArcMap. The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: Add the raster dataset that aligns with the projected data. – Add control points that link known raster. This tutorial will explain how to georeference a raster image in ArcGIS so it can then be used as an overlay or for digitizing purposes. In this example, a historic.

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The spline transformation is a true rubber beoreference method and optimizes for local accuracy but not global accuracy. Zoom to the full extent of the ungeoreferenced raster in the Image Viewer window. It may be a good idea to create a few control points, then choose the one that looks the most accurate. From the Georeferencing toolbar, click the Layer drop-down arrow and choose the raster layer you want to georeference. Then that point is used with the inverse transformation and mapped back to image space.

Gdoreference the display with each link that is created. Zoom To Selected Link. Permanently transform the raster by using the Rectify command on the georeferencing toolbar. Check this box to show the residuals and RMS error in the link table.

Save to New or the Warp geoprocessing tool will arcmxp a new raster dataset that is georeferenced using the map coordinates and the spatial reference.

Click the Georeferencing drop-down menu and click Fit To Display. If you are using polygons as your referenced layer, you can open the Effects toolbar to adjust the transparency as you add your links. Go Back To Previous Extent. Arcnap you have dual monitors, you can drag the Image Viewer window to the second monitor. Raster data is obtained from many sources, such as satellite images, aerial cameras, and scanned maps.

The process involves identifying a series of ground control points—known x,y coordinates—that link locations on the raster dataset with locations arcma; the spatially referenced data. To minimize errors, you should georeference to data that is at the highest resolution and largest scale for your needs. You can manually rotate the source layer, or you can type a degrees georeferrence in the measurement text box.


Opens the Symbol Selector window to allow you to choose any line symbol as your residual line.

How To: Georeference an image to align with other data

When working with two raster datasets, open the Effects toolbar and adjust the transparency or turn layers on and off in the table of contents to view each image as links are added. Add control points using the button with two crosses connected by a line: ArcGIS doesn’t require you to permanently transform your raster dataset to display it with other spatial data; however, you should do so if you plan to perform analysis with it or want to use it with another software package that doesn’t recognize the external georeferencing information created in the world file.

Please try again in a few minutes. Use the Georeference tab to create control points, to connect your raster to known positions in geoteference map Review the control points and the errors Save the georeferencing result, arfmap you are satisfied with the alignment. Toggle the visibility of georeferencing georefeerence on and off.

Georeferencing a raster to a vector—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

Adding the data with the map coordinate system first is a good practice so you do not need to set georederence data frame coordinate system.

When Autocomplete finds a more suitable link pair, it may adjust the from-point that you specified.

Arc GIS for Desktop. In these cases you will need to use accurate location data to align or georeference your raster data to a map coordinate system. Typically, having at least one link near each corner of the raster dataset and a few throughout the interior geireference the best results.

The polynomial transformation uses a polynomial built on control points and a least-squares fitting LSF algorithm. Feedback on this topic? Deletes the selected link. If you only have one monitor available, you can use the Reposition button to divide your screen evenly for each window.


Many of these keyboard shortcuts are commonly used in ArcGIS. Looking for a label? You have the choice of using several types of transformations, such as polynomial, spline, adjust, projective, or similarity, to determine the correct map coordinate georefeeence for each cell in the georefernece.

The projective transformation can warp lines so that they remain straight.

The number of the noncorrelated control points required for this method must be 1 for a zero-order shift, 3 for a first order affine, 6 for a second order, and 10 for a third order. The forward residual shows you the error in arxmap same units as the data frame spatial reference. It is based on a spline function, a piecewise polynomial that maintains continuity and smoothness between adjacent polynomials.

Saving the georeferencing will store the transformation information in external files-it geireference not create a new raster dataset, which happens when you permanently transform your raster dataset. This is a measure of how close your accuracy is, measured in pixels.

Persist the georeferencing information You can permanently transform your raster dataset after georeferencing it by using the Save to New command on the Georeference tab or by using the Warp tool.

This window will allow you to georeference a raster using two windows. Shifts georeefrence raster to the current display extent area.

When more points are used, the RMS error will be slightly above zero. Right-click, in the table of contents, a target layer the referenced dataset and click Zoom to Layer. The toolbar has a collection of drop-down items and interactive tools. Adjust requires a minimum of three control points. Click, from the Georeferencing toolbar, the Layer dropdown arrow and click the raster layer to be georeferenced.