The Halberd and other European Polearms introduction to the pole arms of medieval Europe: from the simple pike through the halberd in its many. The Halberd and Other Polearms of the Late Medieval Period There is an aura about the sword in Europe, where it The polearm was a weapon of the. The halberd and other European pole arms, (Historical arms series ; no. 38). Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 1.

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A pole weapon or pole arm is a close combat weapon in which the main fighting part of the weapon is fitted to the end of a long shaft, typically of woodthereby extending the user’s effective range and striking power. Ither dagger-axeor gee Chinese: Mon 27 Mar, 8: Sat 25 Mar, 7: It always has a hook or thorn on the back side of the axe blade for grappling othef combatants. It was used primarily to dismount knights and horsemen. Arms and Armour of the Medieval Knight. This consisted of a blade mounted on a pole at a right angle.

Matthew D M Location: I happened upon the link while searching for more infomation and pictures of the Kriegsgertel, which is shown in the link. Sometimes double-bladed with 2 crescent blades on opposing sides of the spearhead. In the words of the arms expert Ewart Oakeshott.

Thanks for the link to the book pdf, Danny! At Nancy, it was a halberd that brought down Charles the Bold with a single blow that split his skull oplearms.

Info Favorites Register Log in. Tropas de la Casa Real. A guisarme sometimes gisarmegiserne or bisarme was a pole weapon used in Europe primarily between — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. From Earliest Times to the Present Day.

I actually have the printed book, not the pdf, however from what I can tell the pdf is the entire book. The blade is very deep and curved on its face; this resembles a Chinese saber or Dao.


The halberd was usually 1. Ewart Oakeshott has proposed an alternative description of the weapon as a crescent shaped socketed axe. A halberd also called halbardhalbert or Swiss voulge is a two-handed pole weapon that came to prominent use during the 14th and 15th centuries.

To add to this, we have various nineteenth century terminologies used by scholars. Another possible association is with the “three-grayned staff” [18] listed as being in the armoury of Henry VIII in [19] though the same list also features 84 rawcons, suggesting the weapons were not identical in 16th century English eyes.

Other rarities include archaeology findings with 2 or sometimes 3 blades stacked in line on top of a pole, but were generally thought as ceremonial pole arms.

The halberd and other European polearms —

Europran Ji combines the dagger axe with a spear. Their range and impact force made them polears weapons against armored warriors on horseback, because they could penetrate armor. Views Read Edit View history. Originally a Viking weapon, it was adopted by the Anglo-Saxons and Normans in the 11th century, spreading through Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries.

This made them the favored weapon of peasant levies and peasant rebellions the world over. As the halberd was eventually refined, its point was more fully developed to allow it to better deal with spears and pikes and make it able to push back approaching horsemenas was the hook opposite the axe head, which could be used to pull horsemen to the ground. David Black Mastro Ekropean In the 14th century, the basic long axe gained an armour piercing spike on the back and another on the end of the haft for thrusting.

The corseque is usually associated with the rawconranseur and runka. The halberd and other European polearms.

Pole arms can be divided into three broad categories: In the 13th century, variants on the Danish axe are seen. Because most pole weapons were adapted from farm implements or other tools, and contain relatively little metal, they were cheap to make and readily available.


Looks very similar to a glaive. The word halberd is most likely equivalent to the German word Hellebardederiving from Middle High German halm handle and barte battleaxe joint to helmbarte.

The Halberd and other European Polearms 1300-1650

Different sorts of halberds and halberd-like pole weapons in Switzerland. Originating in either Western Scotland or Ireland, the sparr was widely used by the galloglass. Were they all peasant weapons invented during the Bauernkriege? Unlike the Chinese with the guan dao, the Europeqn found the woldo unwieldy on horseback, and thus, it was specifically tailored to the needs of infantrymen. Recently, a contemporary revival in various martial arts in Korea has brought interest into the application of the woldo and its history.

The halberd was the primary weapon of the early Swiss armies in the 14th and early 15th centuries.

The illustrations often show the weapon being equipped with sword-like quillons. A Guan dao or Kwan tou is a type of Chinese pole weapon. It was the favoured weapon for men-at-arms fighting on foot into the sixteenth century. Metropolitan Museum of Art. These may or may not have been mounted on poles and described by one of more names. Variants include having rings along the length europewn the straight back edge as found in the nine-ring guan dao for use as distractions or entanglements for incoming enemy weapons, having the tip curl into a rounded spiral as in the elephant guan dao, or featuring a more ornate design as exemplified by the dragon head guan dao.